Agia Sophia Church, Green Line Nicosia

Nicosia, also known as Lefkosa is the capital of Northern Cyprus. It is located on the centre of the island and is Cyprus' largest city. Due to the beautiful scenery, balmy weather and sights around the area, this is a very popular tourist destination.

As such, for those considering holidaying in Nicosia flights should be booked well in advance. Flights to Nicosia are reasonably priced and land in Ercan International Airport (ECN), as they operate via the Turkish mainland.

The city houses a wealth of fascinating historical attractions which will keep history enthusiasts entertained for days; you can visit Cyprus Museum, which showcases a collection of Cypriot artefacts which date back to the 9th millennium BCE. Leventis Municipal Museum is also worth visiting; here you'll find exhibits which date as far back as 2400 BC, housed inside of a beautiful two storey building.

This museum has been awarded the title of European Museum of the Year. If you visit these two and find yourself hungry for more history, take a stroll around the Byzantine Museum, which contains an incredible collection of Orthodox artwork and coins, which range from the 9th to the 16th century in age.

Bleached sands of Nicosia

Buyuk Han is another interesting sight; this is the largest Cypriot caravanserai and is thought by many to be one of the island's finest pieces of architecture. It was constructed in the year 1572 by the Ottomans.

For those who enjoy fine architecture, the cathedrals of St Sophia and St John's (known as Agios Ioannis) must be visited, as should the beautiful medieval town centre and the Roman ruins. The city is an ideal base from which to explore other resort areas such as Kyrenia and Famagusta, both of which have fantastic beaches and hiking trails.

No man's land is another interesting spot in Nicosia; this is a space which is frozen in time, with every slab of pavement, beam, window and brick exactly how it was during the Turkish invasion of 1974. This area is protected by UN soldiers.

As a final tip, if you cross the border to Cyprus at Ledhra street, remember to have your passport ready for inspection.

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