Visitors come here to spot the famous cathedral, while there are also Carolingian palaces, industrial museums and fine old fortresses...
The central German city of Paderborn is located where the Pader River is born, some 20 miles east of its neighbouring city of Lippstadt. Situated in the state of North Rhine and Westphalia, it has a population of just over 144,000. Visitors to the city use flights to Paderborn-Lippstadt Airport (PAD), a hub dominated by the Air Berlin company.
The North Rhine and Westphalia region has an industrial past and was once known as the land of coal and steel. While this heavy industry has declined in recent years, the city remains a centre for the IT industry, with companies such as Wincor Nixdorf based there. There is also still a reasonable amount of manufacturing and engineering work going on. The town has a significant British Army presence, dating from the days of the cold war.
The so-called Adam and Eve House is another building worth visiting. This is located in a street spared from Allied bombing during World War Two. Its elaborate wood carvings, telling the story of Adam and Eve, and its traditional half-timbered structure are a lovely reminder of old Germany for those who take Paderborn flights.
There are many fine churches in the city, but two in particular are worth visiting. St Bartholomew's Chapel was built in the first quarter of the 11th century and its slender columns, dome vaults and three naves of equal height make it unique north of the Alps. There are persistent rumours that Greek builders were used in its construction, though historians dispute this version of events.
The main church in the town is the Dom or Cathedral. Built between the 11th and 16th centuries, it contains the Window of the Three Hares - an emblem of the city. There is also the Chapel of the Victims of World War Two, an often neglected shrine decorated with Agnes Mann mosaics from the 1960s.